Hiccups (hiccoughs) refers to involuntary contractions of the diaphragm. Each contraction is followed by the closure of the vocal cords which is how the “hic” sound comes about.

The nerves associated with the diaphragm are the vagus and phrenic nerves, which helps the diaphragm communicate with the brain. The diaphragm is the muscle that separates your chest from your abdomen and is very important for breathing.


Common causes of hiccups include overeating, drinking carbonated beverages, excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages, sudden changes in temperature, excitement, and stress.

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